Cheyenne Native American History: Expansion to the Plains

Cheyenne Native American History:

The Cheyenne tribe were pushed westward and into the South by various Indian tribes. This had been the reason why they became more united, thus creating and expanding their newly gained territory.

Cheyenne Native American History

In the year 1811, the Cheyenne Indians had allied with the Arapaho Indians. This would be solidified in the years to come. This alliance had proved to be very effective and helpful for the Cheyenne tribe because this enabled them to expand their territory from Montana to the northern part of Wyoming. This also stretched as far east as Colorado, and then to the western reaches of Nebraska and Kansas.

Historical Records of Cheyenne

There were a lot of historical records that show that the Cheyenne tribe was interacting with various traders and explorers in the Colorado and Arkansas River. They were doing their hunting and trading lifestyle in those areas. By winter, the weather becomes unfit for their usual lifestyle, which is why they migrate to the south during the winter months.

It is said based on many historical records that the Hairy Rope band was one of the few people who moved to the south. In their journey, they have captured horses which they tamed. For a couple of days, they knew how to tame and ride it. This was then the start of the incorporation of the horse in the lifestyle of the Cheyenne tribe. It was also because of the construction of Bent’s Fort by Charles Bent that forced the Cheyenne Indians to relocate and establish a trading place for the Cheyennes and the white men. This trading place was stationed around the fort.

The other group of the tribe who were not that into trading had stayed in the North Platter along the Yellowstone River, while those that wanted to search for new means of living moved to the south. This is where the Northern Cheyenne tribe and the Southern Cheyenne tribe started.

Division of Cheyenne Native American History

However, it is important to note that the division of the Cheyenne tribe was only a geographic separation. They still maintained a consistent and close contact throughout the years. In the southern part of the Cheyenne territory, the Cheyenne Indians had a conflict with the Arapahos. There were a lot of battles that were fought; one of the well-known battles was in the Washita River. This was during 1836 and resulted in the death of 48 Cheyenne warriors which were part of the Bowstring society.

In the summer of 1838, there were a lot of Cheyenne and Arapaho warriors that attached the Kiowa and Comanche camps that were in the Wolf Creek surrounding Oklamoha. This was a destructive battle because death tolls peaked on both sides. But in the year 1840, every conflict that they had suddenly halted thanks to the alliance that the tribes have agreed upon.

This alliance proved to be a very productive and helpful treaty as this allowed the Cheyenne tribe to enter the Llano Estacado in Oklahoma. This was considered to be one of the most important places to hunt bison and trade goods with the Mexicans, White Americans, and other foreigners.